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FY23 Statistical Agency Budget Developments

By Steve Pierson posted 03-15-2022 15:53

  

The Biden Administration is expected to release its FY23 budget request by March 31, 2022. I will be filling in information as I become aware of it. This blog entry will track FY212 appropriations developments for the federal statistical agencies and so will be updated accordingly. (See update log below.) To receive notifications of updates, follow ASA Science Policy on Twitter: @ASA_SciPol. 


See also, Administration Releases FY23 Budget Request as Congress Finalizes FY22 Budget, FY23 NIH, NSF, and AHRQ Budget Developments and federal statistical agency budgets back to fiscal year 2003 (FY03)

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FY23

     Agency   FY17  FY18   FY19   FY20  FY21 FY22  Request   %change vs FY22  House   Senate   Final  %
BEA 103.8 99.0 101 108 111.9 116 141 21 132.3  
BJS 45.5 48.0 43 43 45 40 45 13 45
BLS  609.0   612.0  615.0 6282 6422 659.52 741.72 10 726.3
BTS1 26 26 26 26 26 26 36 27
Census 1457 2814 3821 7558 1107 1354 1524.3 13 1505
EIA 122  125 125 126.8 126.8 129.1 132.6 2.7 144.5
ERS 86.8 86.8 86.8 84.8 85.5 87.8 93 5.9 90.6
NASS 171.2 191.7 174.5 180.3 183.9 190.2 216 14 211
NCES3 258.5   258.5 260.5 263.5 276.5 291.5 296.5 1.7
 -stats 110 109.5 109.5 110.5 111.5 111.5 111.5 0
NCSES 59.7 62.4 64.0 65.0 66.69 67.7 88 30
NCHS4 174.4 174.4  174.4 174.4 175.4 180.4 181.9 0.9 190.4
ORES 24 27 35.45 36.0 35.7  39.8 38.1 -4.1
SOI 34.3 37.1 36.8 35.9 40.0 40.7 40.8 0.2

 Levels in millions of dollars; Agency abbreviations listed below; NCES is for Statistics and Assessment (not NAGB or SLDS)
Latest Action: *Subcommittee mark-up; **Committee mark-up; ***Passed the Floor
&Not available because of lack of sufficient detail in summary, bill or conference report; 
NATD (or blank): No Action To Date
1The BTS is funded through the Highway Trust Fund with levels determined by the authorizing committees. Congress is currently working on a transportation bill.
2The FY20, FY21, FY22 request, FY22 "Final", and FY23 Request levels for BLS includes $27 million, $13 M, $28.47M, $28.470M, and $15.4 M respectively, for its relocation. The relocation funds are are not reflected in the table to make the levels comparable with the FY19 and prior year funding levels.
3The NCES budget level includes both statistics and assessment. The levels do not include budget for National Assessment Governing Board. 
4The NCHS budget went through budget realignment in FY21. The prior year budgets have been adjusted to make them comparable.
5
The ORES went through a budget restructuring in FY19 when the Office of Retirement Policy (ORP) was merged into ORES. The FY18 ORP budget was $2.253M.

Because this blog entry covers everything from the budget request to the final determination of the budget, it can become quite long. To help with that, I'll try to partition the blog entry:

Relevant Report Language Excerpts:

  • House NASS (https://docs.house.gov/meetings/AP/AP00/20220623/114947/HMKP-117-AP00-20220623-SD002.pdf): "For the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), the Committee provides an appropriation of $211,023,000, of which $66,361,000 is for the Census of Agriculture. The Committee includes a total of $4,787,000 for pay increases. In addition, the Committee maintains $2,000,000 to expand the existing geospatial program to provide more information on the impact of critical weather events. The Committee expects NASS to continue its ongoing activities at the frequency levels assumed in fiscal year 2022, including Barley acreage and production estimates; the Bee and Honey Program; the Chemical Use Data Series; the Floriculture Crops Report; and Fruit and Vegetable Reports, including in-season forecasts for non-citrus fruit and tree nut crops such as pecans.
    Agri-Tourism Study.—The Committee directs NASS to plan to conduct as a follow-on study to the census of agriculture conducted in the calendar year 2022 under section 2 of the Census of Agriculture Act of 1997 (7 U.S.C. 2204g) to collect additional information on the census related to agritourism, including information about educational experiences, outdoor recreation, entertainment and special events, direct sales, entertainment, accommodations, other as determined by the Secretary.
    Comprehensive Horse Census.—The Committee recognizes that the Census of Agriculture is limited in its reporting regarding the equine industry, and as a result the USDA’s equine (horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys) figures may underrepresent the industry. As a result, the Committee encourages NASS to work with
    equine stakeholders to address the gaps in horse census data collection.
    Data Collection on Urban, Indoor, and Emerging Agricultural Production.—The Committee directs NASS to continue its outreach to stakeholders to develop a better understanding of how to collect more accurate information on urban, indoor, and emerging agricultural production. The Committee recognizes that the current census of agriculture definition may not fully address the landscape and scope of urban agriculture across the Nation. The new information will be critical to the policy development and outreach carried out by the Office of Urban Agriculture and Innovative Production. The Committee requests NASS to brief the Committee on how this information can be better addressed in the ongoing Census of Agriculture.
    Interagency Assistance.—The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) relies on NASS data when calculating acreage rental fees charged to wind and solar energy projects. The Committee understands BLM is in the process of considering adjustments to fee calculations. NASS is encouraged to assist BLM with analysis on pasture land and non-irrigated land property values and rental values in areas with renewable energy development and operations.
    Tenure, Ownership, and Transition of Agricultural Land (TOTAL) Survey.—The Committee notes that the next TOTAL survey is part of planned NASS activities in the next Census of Agriculture. The Committee expects the next TOTAL survey to provide comprehensive data on land ownership, tenure, landowners’ transition plans, and lease agreements available to beginning and socially disadvantaged farmers to understand the trends that lead to secure land tenure and thriving farm businesses. The Committee encourages the program to look at emerging trends in land acquisition connected to innovations in farming on small acreage. The Committee also encourages collaboration with ERS so that new data provided on the economics of the farm of the future can be better utilized.
  • House ERS (https://docs.house.gov/meetings/AP/AP00/20220623/114947/HMKP-117-AP00-20220623-SD002.pdf): "For the Economic Research Service (ERS), the Committee provides an appropriation of $90,612,000. The Committee includes an increase of $1,518,000 for pay costs and $1,500,000 for costs associated with the second round of USDA’s National Household Food Purchase and Acquisition Survey.
    Agricultural Trade Imports.—The Committee directs ERS to study and report back within 120 days of the enactment of this Act findings on the top 15 nations, within the last five years, from which the United States imports agriculture products. The report shall also include the average wages for farmworkers of those countries and a discussion, if possible, of health benefits, safety regulations, and working conditions of their farm labor per commodity to those found in the U.S. The Committee looks forward to receiving the report requested in House Report 117–82.
    Benefits of Conservation and Soil Health Practices.—The Committee looks forward to receiving the study requested in the fiscal year 2021 House Report 116–446.
    Cover Cropping and Livestock Integration.—The Committee notes that the fiscal year 2021 House report directed ERS to produce a study detailing current best practices as well as the projected longterm economic impacts for farmers and the Committee looks forward to reviewing the results of the study. The Committee looks forward to receiving the study requested in the fiscal year 2021 House Report 116–446.
    Soil Health Experts.—The Committee appreciates ERS’ recent efforts to hire staff with expertise in soil health, an area of continued importance to U.S. farmers and the food and agriculture industry.
    Supply Chain Resiliency.—The Committee is concerned about the rising cost of manufactured inputs to farms and the impact on farm profitability and the rest of the economy. The Committee encourages the USDA to review the performance of industries and markets for manufactured inputs which have seen significant increases
    in prices and assess options for improving input supply chain performance and resiliency in these domestic markets."




FY23 Budget Request Highlights
The following are excerpts and highlights. They are not in narrative form but are intended to provide you a quick snapshot. The notes also serve as a sort of note book for me for when I write a summary for Amstat News.

  • DOT requests a $10 million increase for BTS for the following (https://www.transportation.gov/sites/dot.gov/files/2022-03/OST_Budget_Estimates_FY23.pdf; pp RT - 10/11)
    • Transportation Vulnerability and Resilience Data Program – Requests $3 million to establish a new program to measure the vulnerability of the transportation system to direct and indirect disruptions caused by extreme weather and other unexpected events (e.g., Colonial pipeline cyber-attack, pandemic like COVID-19, other supply chain disruptions) and the ability of the national transportation system to recover from those disruptions...
    • Departmental Office of Evaluation Research Program - Requests $4 million to implement evaluation research and collect equity-related data to support Administration Priority Goals. $3 million will support the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) to collect small-area, equity related data and develop/estimate  outcome measures for use in the DOT Learning Agenda; and $1 million for BTS to complete the data collection of its National Transit Geospatial Database...
    • Development of the Transportation Cost Burden and Other Access Measures - Requests $3 million to complete the Equity Action Plan action items under core area of Expanding Access. This request includes efforts to better understand equity as it relates to the transportation cost burden, multimodal access to key resources, and other equity considerations. The funding will allow BTS to improve data, conduct research, and develop methodology to estimate the direct and indirect impacts of transportation programs to all, including underserved population and households.
  • BEA: https://www.commerce.gov/sites/default/files/2022-03/FY2023-BEA-Congressional-Budget-Submission.pdf 
  • BLS: https://www.dol.gov/sites/dolgov/files/general/budget/2023/CBJ-2023-V3-01.pdf
  • ERS: https://www.usda.gov/sites/default/files/documents/19-2023-ERS.pdf
  • NASS: https://www.usda.gov/sites/default/files/documents/20-2023-NASS.pdf

Reports on FY23 request:

  • COSSA: 

Reports on FY23 Congressional Developments:

Updates (and sources):

    See also: 

    Statistical Agency abbreviations

     BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis
    BJS Bureau of Justice Statistics
    BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics
    BTS Bureau of Transportation Statistics 
    ERS Economic Research Service
    EIA Energy Information Administration
    NASS National Agricultural Statistics Service
    NCES National Center for Education Statistics 
    NCHS National Center for Health Statistics
    NCSES National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF
    ORES Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics, SSA
    SOI Statistics of Income Division, IRS

    See other ASA Science Policy blog entries. For ASA science policy updates, follow @ASA_SciPol on Twitter. 

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