FY20 Statistical Agency Budget Developments

By Steve Pierson posted 01-04-2019 10:36

The Trump Administration is expected to release its FY20 budget request in March. I will be filling in information as I become aware of it. This blog entry will track FY20 appropriations developments for the federal statistical agencies and so will be updated accordingly. (See update log below.) Note that the FY19 budgets for many agencies are yet to be finalized. To receive notifications of updates, follow ASA Science Policy on Twitter: @ASA_SciPol. 

See also, FY20 NIH, NSF, AHRQ, & FDA Budget DevelopmentsFY19 Statistical Agency Budget DevelopmentsFY19 NIH, NSF, AHRQ, & FDA Budget Developments and the FY 2019 R&D Appropriations Dashboard (select "statistics" tab).



     Agency      FY12     FY13    FY14    FY15   FY16   FY17  FY18   FY19    Request    % change vs. FY19    House    Senate     Final  % change 
BEA 92.2  89.8  95.4  96.3  105.1 103.8 99.0 101 108 +6.9% 108*** 107** 108 6.9
BJS 41.3  41.3  45  41 41  45.5 48.0 43 48 +11.6% 43*** 43** 43 0
BLS 609  577.2  592.2  592.2  609.0 609.0  612.0 615.0 6158 08 676**9 615.5 62810 2.1
BTS1 25  26  26  26  26 26 26  26 26 0 NA NA NA 0
Census6 9422  859.32 945   1088  1370 1457 2814 3821 7200 88% 8450*** 7558** 7558 98
EIA 105  99.5  117  117  122 122  125 125 118 -5.6% 128*** 132** 126.8 1.4
ERS4 85.9  79.1  85.8  85.4  85.4 86.8 86.8 86.8 617 -48%7 87.8*** 86.8** 84.8 -2.3
NASS4 167.8  175.8  170.4  172.4  168.4  171.2 191.7 174.5 163 -6.6% 180.8*** 175.9** 180.3 3.3
NCES3 247  225.9  235.1  232 261  258.5   258.5 260.5 259 -0.6% 268.5*** 260.5 263.5 1.2
NCSES 43.3  41.6 47   58.3  58.3 59.7 62.4 64 57.7 -4.1% 65 1.6
NCHS5 159 153.8 155.4  155.4  160.4 160.4 160.4  160.4 155 -3.4% 160.4*** 160.4 160.411 0
ORES 29  27.5  26.9 29  25.9  24 27 35.4 32 +6.7% 38.8 9.6
SOI 38.7  34.9 37.1  36.8 37.8  34.3 34.7 35.9 34.7 -1.5% 34.7 -3.3


Levels in millions of dollars; Agency abbreviations listed below; NCES is for Statistics and Assessment (not NAGB or SLDS)
Latest Action: *Subcommittee mark-up; **Committee mark-up; ***Passed the Floor
&Not available because of lack of sufficient detail in summary, bill or conference report; 
NATD (or blank): No Action To Date
1The BTS is funded through the Highway Trust Fund with levels determined by the authorizing committees. 
2The  FY12 and FY13 levels include funds from the Working Capital Fund (WCF), as mandated by Congress. These level may differ than what I report in the "final" column of the FY12 and FY13 columns of other blog entries.
3The NCES budget level includes both statistics and assessment, but not Salary and Expenses for years FY12-FY15. The levels do not include budget for National Assessment Governing Board. 
4ERS and NASS went through budget revisions in FY15. The FY12, FY13, and FY14 levels have been adjusted to be comparable to the FY15, FY16, FY17 and subsequent levels. The actual FY12, FY13, and FY14 levels for ERS and NASS are $78.2 M, $71.4 M, $78.1 M and $158.6 M, $166.6 M, and $161.2 M, respectively.  
5The NCHS budget went through an realignment from FY14 to FY15 to account for NCHS having to include business support services provided by the CDC. The comparable FY12, FY13, FY14 and FY15 levels are $138.7 million, 138.7, 140, and 140 respectively.
6The Census budget levels here omit about $30 million in mandatory funding.
7The ERS requested amount of $16 million includes $15.5 million for relocation costs.
8The $655 million request for BLS includes $40 million for its relocation: "
The current lease for the BLS national office in Washington DC, which provides workspace for approximately 1,800 federal staff and contractors, expires in May 2022. To prepare for this, in FY 2020, the BLS requests $40,000,000 to remain available until September 30, 2024 for the costs associated with the physical move of the BLS headquarters, including replication of space, furniture, fixtures, and equipment, as well as relocation of the BLS data center."
9The House mark for BLS include $10 million for its relocation. 
10The Conference level for BLS includes $27 million for its relocation. This amount is not reflected in the $628 million to make it comparable with the FY19 and prior year funding levels. 
11The Conference level provides $50 million for "Public Health Data Surveillance/IT Systems Modernization", which is to include "innovation strategy for surveys conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics."

Because this blog entry covers everything from the budget request to the final determination of the budget, it can become quite long. To help with that, I'll try to partition the blog entry:

FY20 Budget Request Highlights

  • Specific Agencies
  • BEA:
    • Major changes included in this request are a program adjustment of $2.1 million (and 12 positions) to produce annual GDP statistics for Puerto Rico,
      $2.0 million (and 9 positions) to assist in the development of a data service framework, $2.9 million for adjustments to base and an
      organizational change to BEA’s programs.
      Puerto Rico’s recent financial crisis and devastation from Hurricane Maria has heightened the need for more accurate information on the
      Commonwealth’s economy. The absence of accurate information on Puerto Rico’s economic output and growth has made it challenging
      for policy makers and businesses to engage in short- and long-term analysis and planning that is critical for developing Puerto Rico’s
      economy. Included in this request is a proposal for BEA to produce GDP for Puerto Rico using currently available data sources and
      modern methodologies. Because Puerto Rico is not covered by the full slate of Federal data collections, BEA’s approach will be similar
      to the approach it utilizes to estimate GDP for the other four U.S. territories.
      Under the direction of the Under Secretary for Economic Affairs (USEA), BEA and the Census Bureau will continue to support
      government-wide efforts to modernize data collection, analysis and dissemination. Consistent with the recommendations of the
      Commission on Evidence-Based Policymaking and the authorities granted in the Foundations for Evidence-Based Policymaking Act of
      2018 (P.L. 115-435), BEA and Census will partner in FY 2020 to support development of a U.S. Federal Data Service to promote
      government-wide data access and sharing, improve cross-agency data discovery and utilization, and enhance privacy and confidentiality
      practices. This initiative will support the newly-required Advisory Committee on Data for Evidence Building (Committee), which is tasked
      with making recommendations to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) on how to promote the use of Federal data for evidence
      building, including through the provision of shared services. The USEA effort will comprise an interdisciplinary team focused on
      supporting the Committee and its recommendations to OMB by implementing pilot projects designed to: 1) improve access and use of
      data; 2) inform the acquisition of non-survey-based source data; 3) integrate those data with survey and administrative data, and; 4) pilot
      applications of new technologies and methods for the protection of privacy and confidentiality. This initiative is complemented by a $5
      million request in Census’s FY 2020 Budget.
      In addition, BEA continues to support the Administration’s proposal to reorganize the Bureau of Labor Statistics alongside the Census
      Bureau and BEA within the Department of Commerce. The goals of this effort are to increase operational efficiencies; reduce respondent
      burden; enhance privacy protections; and improve data quality and availability. BEA will work with the Census Bureau and BLS in
      identifying next steps in fulfilling this proposal in FY 2020 and FY 2021, after the major field operations of the 2020 Census have been
      substantially completed.
      BEA’s proposed FY2020 budget request also includes inflationary adjustments of $2.9 million to fund the estimated 2020 Federal pay
      raise of 1.9% and provide for inflationary increases for non-labor activities, including service contracts, utilities and rent.
      Lastly, BEA is proposing an organizational change to BEA’s national economic and industry accounts programs to promote
      improvements to existing statistics and faster development of new data products, including satellite accounts for key sectors of the
      economy. The industry accounts serve as a foundation for the national accounts. The proposed combination of the national and industry
      accounts programs is a return to a previous organizational structure. Two decades ago, the industry accounts program was separated
      from the national accounts program and organized as a standalone unit to modernize the industry statistics and lay the groundwork for
      producing quarterly GDP by industry statistics. The focus now is to accelerate the release of the quarterly industry statistics and
      harmonize them with the quarterly national measures. This change is a critical step in BEA’s reform plan goal of accelerating the
      publication of GDP by industry and GDP by state statistics so that they are developed and released contemporaneously with the national
      GDP accounts.
 Reports on FY19 request:

Reports on FY20 Congressional Developments:

Updates (and sources):

  1. 3/11/19 Census https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/budget-fy2020.pdf 
  2. 3/11/19 ERS and NASS https://www.obpa.usda.gov/budsum/fy2020budsum.pdf
  3. 3/11/19 NCHS: https://www.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/fy-2020-budget-in-brief.pdf
  4. 3/18/19: BJS: https://www.justice.gov/file/1144566/download
  5. 3/18: Analytical Perspectives statistics chapter https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/ap_18_statistics-fy2020.pdf
  6. 3/18: NCES https://www2.ed.gov/about/overview/budget/budget20/justifications/v-ies.pdf
  7. 4/30: House BLS mark: https://appropriations.house.gov/sites/democrats.appropriations.house.gov/files/FY2020%20LHHS%20Sub%20Markup%20Draft.pdf
  8. 5/16: EIA: https://appropriations.house.gov/sites/democrats.appropriations.house.gov/files/FY2020%20E%26W%20Sub%20Markup%20Draft.pdf
  9. 5/16: Census: https://appropriations.house.gov/news/press-releases/appropriations-committee-releases-fiscal-year-2020-commerce-justice-science
  10. 5/16: BEA: https://appropriations.house.gov/sites/democrats.appropriations.house.gov/files/FY2020%20CJS%20Sub%20Markup%20Draft.pdf
  11. 5/21: BJS: https://appropriations.house.gov/sites/democrats.appropriations.house.gov/files/FY2020%20CJS%20Report%20Draft.pdf
  12. 5/24: ERS and NIFA: https://appropriations.house.gov/sites/democrats.appropriations.house.gov/files/FY2020%20Ag%20Sub%20Markup%20Draft.pdf 
  13. 9/17: Senate EIA: https://www.appropriations.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/FY2020%20Energy%20and%20Water%20Development%20Appropriations%20Act,%20S.24701.pdf
  14. 9/18: Senate BLS, NCES, and NCHS https://www.appropriations.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/FY2020%20Labor-HHS%20Appropriations%20Act,%20Report.pdf
  15. 9/20: Senate ERS, NIFA https://www.appropriations.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/FY2020%20Agriculture%20Appropriations%20Act,%20Report%20116-110.pdf
  16. 9/24: Senate Census https://www.appropriations.senate.gov/news/fy2020-cjs-appropriations-bill-advanced-by-subcommittee 
  17. 9/27: Senate BEA and BJS: https://www.appropriations.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/FY2020%20CJS%20Appropriations%20Act,%20Report%20116-127.pdf
  18. 12/17: release of FY20 conference bills
    1. BEA, BJS, and Census 
    2. BLS, NCES, NCHS: https://appropriations.house.gov/sites/democrats.appropriations.house.gov/files/HR%201865%20-%20Division%20A%20-%20LHHS%20SOM%20FY20.pdf 
    3. EIA https://appropriations.house.gov/sites/democrats.appropriations.house.gov/files/HR%201865%20-%20Division%20C%20-%20EW%20SOM%20FY20.pdf
    4. ERS & NASS https://appropriations.house.gov/sites/democrats.appropriations.house.gov/files/HR%201865%20-%20Division%20B%20-%20AG%20SOM%20FY20.pdf
See also: 
Statistical Agency abbreviations
 BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis
BJS Bureau of Justice Statistics
BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics
BTS Bureau of Transportation Statistics 
ERS Economic Research Service
EIA Energy Information Administration
NASS National Agricultural Statistics Service
NCES National Center for Education Statistics 
NCHS National Center for Health Statistics
NCSES National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, NSF
ORES Office of Research, Evaluation, and Statistics, SSA
SOI Statistics of Income Division, IRS

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